What Is A Real Property Report?

Understanding Real Property Reports in Alberta

Real Property Reports (RPRs) are essential documents in Alberta’s real estate transactions, offering a comprehensive overview of a property’s boundaries, structures, and improvements. Whether buying, selling, or developing land, these reports play a crucial role in ensuring transparency and minimizing disputes between buyers and sellers.

What is a Real Property Report?

A Real Property Report is a legal document that illustrates the property boundaries and any structures located on the land. Prepared by a qualified land surveyor, the RPR details the property’s dimensions, structures (like buildings, fences, sheds), easements, encroachments, and compliance with municipal bylaws and zoning regulations.

Purpose of Real Property Reports

  1. Transaction Clarity: For buyers, RPRs provide a clear understanding of the property’s boundaries and any encroachments or non-compliance issues. Sellers benefit by avoiding potential legal liabilities that may arise post-sale due to property boundary disputes or non-compliance with regulations.
  2. Compliance Verification: Municipalities in Alberta often require RPRs to ensure that any structures on the property adhere to local bylaws, zoning regulations, setback requirements, and other land-use restrictions. These reports verify compliance, ensuring that the property meets legal standards.
  3. Risk Mitigation: RPRs help identify any encroachments, such as a neighbor’s fence crossing the property line or a structure violating setback regulations. Knowing these issues in advance allows parties to address them before finalizing a sale, reducing the risk of legal conflicts later.

Key Components of an RPR

  1. Property Boundaries: Clearly demarcated lines indicating the legal boundaries of the property.
  2. Structures and Improvements: Detailed depiction of existing structures (houses, garages, fences) and any improvements on the land.
  3. Easements and Encroachments: Identification of any rights-of-way, utility easements, or encroachments by neighboring properties or structures.
  4. Compliance Certificate: A statement provided by the surveyor confirming whether the property complies with local municipal regulations.

Process of Obtaining an RPR

  1. Engaging a Surveyor: Property owners engage a qualified land surveyor to conduct the survey and create the RPR.
  2. Property Inspection: The surveyor visits the property to measure and document the boundaries and existing structures.
  3. Report Creation: Using collected data, the surveyor creates the RPR, including all necessary details and compliance information.
  4. Review and Approval: The RPR is reviewed by the property owner and potentially by legal representatives to ensure accuracy before finalizing.
  5. Submission to Authorities: The completed RPR is often submitted to the local municipality for compliance verification.


Real Property Reports are critical documents in Alberta’s real estate transactions, providing vital information about a property’s boundaries, structures, and compliance with regulations. They serve as a tool for transparency, risk mitigation, and ensuring legal conformity for both buyers and sellers. Understanding and obtaining an RPR is crucial in facilitating smooth property transactions and preventing potential disputes.

Remember, consulting legal professionals and experienced real estate agents can offer further guidance and clarity regarding RPR requirements and implications in Alberta.

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